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Stand out to recruiters and showcase your projects, coursework, and skills in your own online portfolio.

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Your resume and cover letter are important tools to express your interest in a specific opportunity. The purpose of a resume is to provide a snapshot of your education and experiences, while the cover letter is your personal introduction to a prospective employer outlining your interest in the position and expressing why you are qualified. Use the guidelines and tips in this section to craft your materials.


Resumes: Overview & Guidelines

The purpose of your resume is to clearly communicate a snapshot of your education and experiences, giving the reader a concise picture of the value you bring to an employer. Your resume is, in a sense, an advertisement of yourself. It selectively identifies those experiences and skills that are relevant to a particular job. 

Take a look at these resources for advice on crafting the perfect resume:

Difference Between a CV and a Resume

FAQ: Content

  • A CV describes all of your experiences that are relevant to an academic position, including teaching, research and mentoring. This document is unlikely to change substantially from application to application.
  • A resume highlights experiences relevant to a particular job. As a result, you may need to modify your resume when applying to positions in different firms or industries or with different functions.
  • Be sure to review our CV to Resume Conversion Guide for more information.

FAQ: Emphasis

  • A CV presents a thorough description of all of your academic work, including research and teaching.
  • A resume prioritizes only the relevant experience and highlights transferable as well as technical skills where appropriate. Resumes are results-oriented, providing quantitative, measurable details when possible.

FAQ: Length

  • A CV is a comprehensive picture of your academic history and may vary in length; it does not have a page limit.
  • A resume is concise and strategic: 1-2 pages for Master's students, 2-3 pages maximum for PhDs and postdocs. Some employers will accept only a 1-page resume, so be sure to check.

FAQ: Language

  • A CV uses titles and nouns to describe your tasks, responsibilities, and the functions you performed.
  • A resume uses action verbs to highlight skills, experiences, and achievements.

FAQ: Extracurricular or outside activities

  • A CV will not contain extracurricular activities unless they are directly relevant your academic research and teaching.
  • A resume will strategically highlight prioritize activities if they demonstrate key transferable skills valued by the employer.

Point: For more on the differences between CVs and resumes